UX Designer VS. Product Designer: Who Does What? A Closer Look at Their Responsibilities and Expertise

Discover the contrasting roles of UX and Product Designers. Uncover their unique responsibilities and expertise. Don't miss our insightful blog on demystifying these design disciplines!

UX Designer VS. Product Designer: Who Does What? A Closer Look at Their Responsibilities and Expertise

UX Designers and Product Designers play crucial roles in creating exceptional user experiences. While the terms are often used interchangeably, it's important to recognize the distinct responsibilities and contributions each role brings to the table.

In this article, we will delve into the unique roles and responsibilities of UX Designers and Product Designers, shedding light on their impact on the overall product development process.

We particularly talk about:

  • What UX Designers do
  • Why UX Design is Important
  • What Product Designers do
  • Why Product Design is Important
  • Compare UX Design and Product Design
  • The future demand for UX and Product Designers

What do UX Designers do?

User Experience (UX) designers are responsible for creating and enhancing user experiences by focusing on the usability, accessibility, and overall satisfaction of a product or service.

Their primary goal is to ensure that users can easily and effectively interact with a digital product, such as a website, mobile app, or software, in a way that meets their needs and exceeds their expectations.

They do this by employing a human-centered design approach, combining research, empathy, and creativity to craft engaging experiences.

Some key responsibilities of UX Designers include:

1. User Research

UX Designers conduct thorough user research, gathering insights into user behaviors, goals, and pain points.

They utilize methods like surveys, interviews, and user testing to inform their design decisions.

2. User Personas and Journey Mapping

Based on user research, UX Designers create user personas, which represent fictional profiles of target users.

They also develop user journey maps to visualize the steps and touchpoints users encounter when interacting with a product.

3. Information Architecture

With utmost concern for the structure and organization of information within a product, UX Designers clearly define them to ensure easy navigation and logical flow.

This involves creating sitemaps, defining content hierarchies, and establishing effective information structures.

4. Wireframing and Prototyping

In order to visualize and iterate on design concepts, UX Designers create low-fidelity wireframes and interactive prototypes.

These prototypes help businesses in testing and validating ideas before investing in full-scale development.

5. Interaction Design

UX Designers design and define the interactive elements and behaviors within a product.

They determine how users will interact with buttons, menus, forms, and other interface components to ensure a seamless and intuitive experience.

6. Visual Design Collaboration

While visual design is not always the primary responsibility of UX Designers, they collaborate with visual designers to ensure the user interface aligns with the overall user experience strategy.

7. Usability Testing

UX Designers also conduct usability tests to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of the product's user interface.

They gather feedback from users, identify pain points, and iterate on the design based on the test results.

8. Iterative Design

Following an iterative design process, UX Designers continuously refine and improve the user experience based on user feedback, testing results, and stakeholder input.

They iterate on designs, make adjustments, and validate their decisions throughout the product development lifecycle.

Why is UX Design important?

Imagine this: You’re a bank with a mobile banking application aimed at providing users with a seamless and convenient banking experience.

Without proper UX Design, the application might have a cluttered and confusing interface, making it difficult for users to navigate and perform essential tasks such as checking account balances or transferring funds.

With the help of UX Design, the application can be transformed into a user-friendly platform.

The UX Designer conducts research, creates intuitive user flows, and designs clear and efficient interactions.

As a result, users can effortlessly find the information they need, complete transactions with ease, and feel confident in managing their finances through the app.

The positive user experience leads to higher customer satisfaction, increased engagement, and ultimately, greater customer loyalty towards the banking institution.

By prioritizing user needs and behaviors, UX Design plays a vital role in creating intuitive, usable, and delightful experiences that benefit both users and businesses.

What do Product Designers do?

Product Designers have a broader scope of responsibilities, encompassing not only the user experience but also the alignment of design decisions with business goals and market trends.

From conceptualization to production, Product Designers are responsible for the overall design and development of a product, ensuring it is both functional and aesthetically appealing.

Here are some key areas in which Product Designers excel at:

1. Research and Analysis

Product Designers conduct thorough market research to understand user needs, industry trends, and competitor offerings.

They analyze data to identify opportunities for new products or improvements to existing ones.

2. Ideation and Concept Development

Using their creativity and problem-solving skills, Product Designers generate innovative ideas and translate them into tangible product concepts.

They employ techniques such as sketching, storyboarding, and prototyping to visualize and communicate their designs.

3. User-Centric Design

With a focus not only on the user experience to meet user needs, Product Designers also consider usability, ergonomics, and accessibility to create designs that are enjoyable and easy to use.

4. Design Strategy and Planning

Defining the product's goals, target market, and competitive positioning, Product Designers actively contribute to the development of design strategies and plans and collaborate with cross-functional teams to align the design with business objectives.

5. Prototyping and Testing

Through user testing and iterative feedback, they ensure the product meets user expectations and functions optimally. This process allows for improvements and adjustments based on user insights.

6. Collaboration with Engineering and Manufacturing

Product Designers collaborate closely with engineers and manufacturers to ensure the feasibility and practicality of the design.

They work together to address technical considerations, select appropriate materials, and ensure efficient production processes.

7. Visual Design and Branding

While not all Product Designers specialize in visual design, they often collaborate with visual designers to create a cohesive and visually appealing product.

They provide input on colors, typography, and branding, ensuring the product's design aligns with the overall brand identity.

8. Documentation and Communication

Product Designers create comprehensive design specifications and documentation to guide the production process.

They effectively communicate their design intent, technical requirements, and assembly instructions to stakeholders and manufacturing teams.

Why is Product Design Important?

Now, let's consider the importance of Product Design in conjunction with UX Design.

Building upon the previous example, imagine that the mobile banking application, with its seamless and user-friendly interface created by the UX Designer, becomes immensely popular among users.

The bank recognizes an opportunity to expand its offerings and decides to introduce a new feature: a personal finance management tool within the application.

This is where the role of a Product Designer becomes vital.

The Product Designer conducts market research and identifies user needs for effective financial management.

They collaborate with the UX Designer to integrate the new feature seamlessly into the existing application, considering factors such as intuitive navigation, visually appealing data visualizations, and seamless integration with banking functionalities.

They carefully consider the user's goals and pain points, developing an interface that empowers users to track expenses, set budgets, and make informed financial decisions effortlessly.

The result is a comprehensive mobile banking experience that not only allows users to perform banking transactions with ease but also provides a powerful tool for managing their personal finances.

This enhanced product design helps the bank differentiate itself from competitors, attracting new users and solidifying customer loyalty.

UX Design VS. Product Design

For a comprehensive review, here's a side-by-side comparison of UX Design and Product Design:

While there is some overlap between UX Design and Product Design, they have distinct areas of focus.

UX Design centers on creating a user-centered experience, while Product Design encompasses the overall design and development of a product.

Both disciplines require research, collaboration, and iterative design processes to create successful products that meet user needs and business goals.

Will UX Design and Product Design be in demand in the Future?

The demand for UX Design and Product Design professionals is expected to remain high in the future.

User-centered design principles are gaining prominence as companies recognize the impact of user satisfaction and engagement on business success.

Additionally, the rise of emerging technologies like IoT, AI, and VR will require skilled Product Designers who can create intuitive experiences in these domains.

Design-led innovation is becoming a priority, with businesses realizing the value of well-designed products as a competitive differentiator.

The growing start-up ecosystem and the ongoing digital transformation further contribute to the demand for UX and Product Design professionals.

Overall, the future looks promising for these disciplines, as they continue to play crucial roles in creating exceptional user experiences and driving innovation in various industries.


While UX Designers and Product Designers share a common goal of creating exceptional product experiences, their roles and responsibilities differ in terms of focus and scope.

UX Designers concentrate on understanding user needs, conducting research, and crafting intuitive interactions, while Product Designers consider the broader product strategy, aligning design decisions with business goals.

By understanding these distinct roles, organizations can better leverage the expertise of both UX Designers and Product Designers to ensure a holistic approach to product development and ultimately deliver outstanding user experiences.