Top 5 Programming Languages a Full Stack Developer Should Know

Are you a new full stack developer looking for the right programming languages to begin with? Or are you just exploring the most popular full stack programming languages? Either way, you've come to the right place. Read on to learn the most in-demand programming languages for full stack development!

Top 5 Programming Languages a Full Stack Developer Should Know

Full stack developers are heavily in demand across the tech industry.

There are so many full stack languages available that it's easy to become overwhelmed when deciding where to begin. Each programming language has its own set of benefits and functions. Learning several programming languages can let you work on client-side and server-side projects, which is important if you want to become a full stack developer.

But what are the top programming languages that a full stack developer should know? In this article, we'll take a look at some of the more well-known and, in some cases, more relevant languages that a full stack developer should be familiar with.

1. JavaScript

For good front-end development, JavaScript (JS) is one of the most popular programming languages of choice among developers. A lot of well-known platforms, including Facebook and YouTube, rely on JS to build their amazing web pages.

It is a scripting language that enables you to update the content, create animations, and perform a variety of powerful functions. HTML and CSS control the structure and appearance of a web page, whereas JS controls its interface.

JavaScript is valued for its wide range of applications, and in web development, these typically apply to the depth and quality of a web page by enabling developers to make complex style declarations, support high-level mathematical computations, and reference content from other web pages.

Sites would be less animated, more static, and ultimately less engaging without JavaScript.

2. Python

Since we discussed a front-end language, let’s consider back-end languages.

For dedicated server-side programming, Python is one of the most popular programming languages of choice among full stack developers.
It’s a versatile language that is flexible and easy to use. It can be applied in numerous fields such as machine learning, data science, back-end web development, apps, and so much more.

Python is effortless for beginners to learn. Python’s precise syntax has similarities to the English language which makes interpreting the code and learning new things easy.

For back-end web development, you will have to get familiar with Python’s Django framework.

Like Python, Django is open-source and doesn’t require much effort to learn. Big companies like Spotify and Mozilla were built on Django.

The flexibility and simplicity of Python make it a preferred choice for many developers and programmers.

3. Java

Since its creation in 1996, Java has maintained its place as one of the top choices for developing enterprise applications. Java's popularity is partly due to the fact that it has been consistently stable throughout all of its iterations.

The code can be originally setup on one machine and run on another thanks to its "write once, run anywhere" functionality. One indication of the language upholding its reputation is the fact that Google chose Java for developing Android applications when they first launched their mobile OS.

Automatic memory allocation and garbage collection are built into Java, ensuring that there is enough CPU memory for use by various applications. Java is a secure language for creating software applications because of its security manager functionality and exclusion of explicit pointers.

Knowing languages like Java is beneficial for full stack developers because they can be applied to a wide range of scenarios in application development, maintenance, and conceptualization.


The MEAN stack of web frameworks is widely used by full stack developers.

It includes the following web frameworks:
• MongoDB
• Express.js
• AngularJS
• NodeJS

Hence the name MEAN.

Each framework serves a specific purpose, and knowing them all will allow you to get started quickly with full stack development. You don’t need to learn multiple full stack programming languages to use the MEAN stack.

It is entirely based on JavaScript. The MEAN stack's frameworks all use JavaScript. As soon as you learn JavaScript, you may begin learning the MEAN stack. MEAN includes a ton of features that make it ideal for any full stack developer.

You can create web apps using Express.js, AngularJS for the front end, NodeJS for the back end, and MongoDB for the database. They are all powerful tools that allow you to do full stack development without putting in too much work.

By using these frameworks, you can program more quickly and efficiently. MEAN is widely used by businesses due to its versatile use and fast deployment. Many large companies, like Amazon and Google, use this technology.

Knowing and learning MEAN will therefore give you a distinct advantage.

5. Ruby

Ruby is a dynamic programming language that is well known for providing a user-friendly interface for web development. Because it is an object-oriented language, it is one of the best programming languages for those who want to develop creative designs.

Many web developers use it because of the simplicity and effectiveness of its coding techniques. Beginners will appreciate how simple it is to learn. It is mostly used for creating mobile and web applications.

Ruby is used by full stack developers to create social platforms, SaaS, and online shops. It is often used to create popular platforms like Instacart, Twitch, Shopify, SoundCloud, and Zendesk.

Because it predicts what a full stack developer requires while coding, the term "opinionated" software is usually used to describe it. As a result, Ruby can boost the productivity of these developers.


In the software world, full stack development is gaining traction. More and more people want to become full stack developers, so familiarize yourself with the aforementioned technologies and languages.

The list above includes some of the most popular programming languages, but it is by no means the ultimatum. As a developer, you should always be informed of which programming languages to learn or adopt throughout the years.

Although all of the languages we've looked at are excellent, you should choose to master whichever best suit your own goals.

Did you like this article about Full Stack Development?

You might also be interested in our other articles:
• The Difference Between Front End, Back End, and Full Stack Development
• 5 Reasons Why Java Is Still So Popular Among Developers
• Go vs. Java Software Programming Language Comparison

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