The Difference Between Front End, Back End, and Full Stack Development

In today’s digital world, web developers are indispensable. Whether it's a stunning website or a high-performing e-commerce site, it's the handiwork of a web developer. But do you know how front end, back end, and full stack development differ? Read on!

The Difference Between Front End, Back End, and Full Stack Development

You open a new browser tab, type in a URL, and hit enter. The website loads in an instant. You’re impressed with its ultra-clean layout, well-constructed pages, and stunning graphics.

Web developers are in charge of every aspect of that experience.

The Internet has about 1.14 billion websites as of today — and counting. Web developers have some pretty solid job security, right?

Having a website is essential for any company to remain competitive. There is never a lack of work for developers because web development trends and best practices practically change with the seasons.

But how can you exactly know what kind of web development work to look for and train for?

In this article, we will go over the following topics to help you understand the difference between front end development, back end development, and full stack development.

What is front end development?

Front end development is the area of web development that codes and creates frontend features or aspects of a website that are instantly visible to and accessible by the end-user or customer.

In essence, front end development is everything you see, including styling, images, text, alignment, navigation, colors, and so on. It also ensures that the user experience is as seamless as possible.

Along with debugging, frontend concerns the overall design and look.

Performance and responsiveness are the main goals of front end development.

What is a front end developer?

The website's home page, from which visitors can access other pages of the site, is created by front end developers. This page is also referred to as "client side."

A frontend developer is mostly in charge of writing the code and the immersive architecture of the user experience (UX) design for the website.

They deal with the lists, dropdown menus, sliders, fonts, and colors. This is done with the use of HTML, JavaScript, and CSS languages.

What does a front end developer do?

The user interface of your program is handled by front end developers. As they use their creativity to design the website, they make sure that your business has visually-appealing content.

A frontend developer collaborates with the clients as they dictate the website’s look and style.

They also work with the other designers in charge of making the logo and graphics, content writers who are responsible for content creation and message, and photographers who create HD brand images.

The UX will subsequently be built by putting all of these components together, and translating them into front end languages.

What is backend development?

Back end development, as it is commonly known, refers to web development that takes place at the back end of programs.

Compared to front end development, which centers on customer-facing services and programs, backend development involves server-side web application logic and integration.

This includes tasks like writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components.

A database and an application can communicate with one another thanks to code created in back end development.

The back end of a website consists of servers, databases, and apps. These are basically what you don't see, but they are always running in the background delivering functionality.

What is a backend developer?

A front end developer makes it possible for a website's user-facing side to exist. Meanwhile, the back end code adds utility to whatever the front end developer makes.

A backend developer creates, maintains, tests, and debugs the entire back end of a website. Databases, data and application integration, APIs, and other back end processes are all included in this.

What does a backend developer do?

A back end developer writes code that forms the backbone of a website or application.

The main responsibility of a backend developer is to find the most effective way to create intuitive, user-friendly prototypes and turn them into websites by utilizing a variety of tools, frameworks, and languages.

Understanding cross-platform functionality and compatibility is necessary for this.

To create long-lasting web apps, a back end developer must write clean, easily maintainable code.

Once a website is live, and during updates, they must assess its performance and scalability, adjusting code as needed.

What is full stack development?

Full stack development is the end-to-end application software development, which includes the front end (client side) and back end (server side).

Full stack development allows for a faster and more efficient development experience while building web apps. Team members are equipped with knowledge of different technologies and tools and may use their diverse knowledge for development and future research.

What is a full stack developer?

A full stack developer is capable of developing both the front end and the back end of web development.

They can program a browser and/or program a server.

A full stack developer is involved in the development of an application from start to end. He creates both the front end and the back end of an application while also guaranteeing its efficiency, reliability, and other key features.

What does a full stack developer do?

The primary responsibility of a full stack developer includes designing user interactions on websites, developing servers and databases for website functionality, and coding for mobile platforms.

They develop frontend website architecture and backend website applications.

A full stack developer also ensures cross-platform optimization for mobile phones and responsiveness of applications.


A knowledgeable web development team is in great demand as a result of the rising need for the development of business websites. There is also no indication that it will slow down in the coming years.

Fortunately, there has never been a more favorable time to pursue a career in web development. Web development jobs are expected to increase by 23% between 2021 and 2031, which is much faster than the average job growth rate.

The process of creating a business website itself is extremely dynamic, and as technology progresses, the differences between web development specialties may change.

Book a free consultation with us today if you want the best talent working for you!

To stay up with the growing technology trend, one must always be adaptive to change, versatile, and as forward-thinking as possible. And given what we've just covered, you’ll know what differentiates them and their developer’s roles and responsibilities.

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